In September 2020, the work package 3 started. The main objective of this work package is the development and implementation of an integrated, cross-sectoral, technological and infrastructural planning tool for future energy systems. The focus is set on the coupled generation and grid expansion planning as well as the consideration of energy sector coupling between electricity, heat, gas and mobility sectors. In the course of this work package, a prototype of the tool relating to the mathematical formulation of the optimisation problem from task 2.2 is implemented considering the solving concept from task 2.3. For that purpose, the problem is separated into two optimisation stages with increasing level of detail concerning the regional resolution, namely an optimisation on central level (task 3.1 and task 3.2) and an optimisation with a more detailed planning of distributed energy supply systems within selected regions (task 3.3 and task 3.4). Central Energy System (CES) and Transmission Expansion Planning (TEP) – European-wide energy system planning: In a first stage, the European energy system is planned considering multiple energy sectors and transmission grid constraints. In countries where transmission grid data as well as demand data on electricity, heat and mobility and meteorological data is available in a regional resolution, the country is divided into sub regions and planned in higher level of detail. In countries where regional resolved data is not available, technologies within the country are modelled in a more aggregated way. Decentral Energy System (DES) – More detailed planning of the energy system within selected regions: In a second stage, for selected countries or regions within a country, the regional results of the first stage planning tool are further broken down and planned in higher granularity. In the central optimisation, also distributed technologies will be considered in a simplified, more aggregated way. Finally, all problems are merged and coordinated within task 3.5. The development and prototype implementation of the expansion planning tool is closely coordinated with work package 4 concerning the development of solving algorithms.
Detailed information can be found at: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/224605/factsheet/en